The public health policy in America aims to lessen the burden of its citizens on the costs they need to pay for care and also their access to care and the quality of care they receive which influenced their overall health.
These policies create and implement laws, rules, and regulations for managing the nation's healthcare system. In 2010, the AFFORDABLE CARE ACT was signed by President Barack Obama to help expand health insurance coverage to all americans and to lessen healthcare spending and costs. The said act primarily affected the insurance industry and have been implemented incrementally since 2010. These law has faced a numerous legal challenges due to the complexity of the healthcare industry which accounts one-sixth of the nations budget, and the disputes of political parties surrounding this law.
There are a lot of various proposals to improve US health care that differ in content, but they all share a common theme- to reduce health care costs. The US spent $3.5 trillion on health care in 2017 that consumed approximately 18% of the gross domestic product (GDP). It is said that by 2027, health care will consume 22% of the GDP that outpace the annual rate of inflation ang increase the GDP over the next 5 years. Recent studies shows that nearly 14% of residents in US are uninsured. Most of these numbers come from people living in poverty and those among racial and ethnic minority. The National Healthcare Quality and Disparities reported in 2017 that an estimate of 40% of adults lack usual source of care, and 15% of them indicated a financial or insurance reason for lacking access and this is more higher on the racial and ethnic minorities.
Policy makers must make move to achieve health policies that are more accessible to those people who are thriving in life and if possible, thet can have choices that will favor the minority and still maintain the majority's welfare also.